Prof. Dr. Sergey Avrutin
Department of Modern Languages, Utrecht University, Netherland
Dr. Sergey Avrutin is a Professor of Comparative Pycholinguistics at the Department of Modern Languages. From 2000 to 2005 he was the program leader of the NWO-sponsored PIONEER research program Comparative Psycholinguistics. His research focuses on normal child language development and language impairment (aphasia) with special emphasis on the syntax-discourse interface and the application of information theory to the analyses of errors in child and aphasic speech as well as special registers (e.g. newspaper headlines, TV commentators, etc.) Among other things, he is a member of the editorial board of Language Acquisition, Journal of Neurolinguistics and has edited a special issue of Brain and Language.
Speech Title: What Journalists, Children and Individuals with Brain Damage Have in Common: An Information-theoretic View on Lexical Omissions
Abstract: All three populations mentioned in the title of this abstract exhibit a peculiar property of their linguistic expressions: they omit - optionally - functional categories, such as articles, tense, auxiliary verbs etc. While this fact is well known about small children (e.g. "Tractor go on floor"), or individuals with aphasia (e.g. "Cinderella shoe drop"), it is less often noticed (and investigated) in the writings of journalists. Yet, omission of functional categories, most notably articles, is a conspicuous feature of newspaper headlines in many (not all) languages, for example: ROBBER STEAL REAR COIN. While the similarity may appear accidental and superficial, a closer investigation reveals regularities behind lexical omissions in all three populations. In my talk, I present a summary of several studies conducted in collaboration with Joke De Lange and Petra Schumacher that range from database analyses to EEG investigation of newspaper headlines in several languages. The model that I present finds its roots in Claude Shannon's Information Theory and explains the observed similarities in terms of information-theoretic notions of entropy of the lexical storage and the channel capacity.
Prof. Leonidas V. Tzonis
Hellenic American University, Nashua, NH, USA & Athens, Greece
Dr. Leonidas Tzonis is Professor of Finance and the Chief Financial Officer at Hellenic American University. He also leads executive and vocational training programs at the Hellenic American Union. Dr. Tzonis holds a Ph.D. from the Newcastle Business School, UK , an M.Sc. in Finance and Investment, a PG Certificate in Higher Education from the University of Durham, and a B.Sc. in Economics and Business Finance from Brunel University. He was a full-time member of the Business School Faculty at Durham University, a visiting lecturer at the Singapore Institute of Management, and a distance learning tutor for SOAS (University of London). As a consultant he works with firms in Greece, Northern Africa and Central Asia. He is a founding member and sits on the Board of Directors of International Educational Consulting Ltd.
Prof. Dr. Tatiana Ivushkina
English Department No. 3 at MGIMO, Moscow, Russia
Tatiana Ivushkina is a Professor at Moscow State
Institute of Foreign Affairs (MGIMO-University), Russia. She got her
Candidate degree (PhD) in Philology from Moscow State University for
the thesis "Stylization in Modern English Literature Speech
Portrayals"and Doctoral degree (advanced PhD) from Moscow State
University for the thesis «Socio-linguistic Aspects of English
Speech Development (in speech portrayals of the upper classes of
Great Britain in the 19-20th c. English Literature)».
Her research interests are social linguistics, stylistics, stylization in speech portrayals, upper-class speech, English & American literature and culture, innovative methods of teaching and intercultural communication. She is an executive secretary and editor of the journal "Philology at MGIMO" and author of articles in refereed journals and international conference proceedings.
Speech Title: Vertical Context in Speech Portrayals as An Index of Social Identity (British-American Parallels)
Abstract: Vertical context defined as information of historical, philological and cultural character implicitly conveys information about the personage/speaker, which should be inferred by the reader/listener to grasp the author’s ideas. In our earlier publications, it has been revealed that literary vertical context in the upper classes of Great Britain (X1X-XX centuries British literature) has endured through time and comprises a certain list of literary works which serve as social identifiers. The comparative study of two novels of the XX1 century − The Past Imperfect by a British writer Julian Fellowes and Rules of Civility by an American writer Amor Towles − enables us to find common literary core made up of British writers and poets, on the one hand, and the literary allusions underlying historical and cultural differences and separateness of the Anglo-Saxon world. The paper is aimed at analyzing the most frequent literary allusions in speech portrayals, making parallels and inferring the most valuable information that underpins upper class culture.
Prof. Suresh Deman
Centre for Economics & Finance, UK
Professor Suresh Deman is a UNEP Expert & specialist on mergers and acquisitions & regulations, corporate governance, econometrics & financial modelling and other areas of real estate & finance and economics. He has an undergraduate degree in mathematics, two Masters degrees & ABD (from India & US) and was an M. Phil (UK) in Finance and Economics and a PhD (Japan). His major fields of interests are as follows: Econometrics & Applications, Finance & Management, Game theory Applications to Mergers & Acquisitions, Development & Growth, Regional-Urban Economics, Marxian Economics, Input-Output/CGE Models, Employment Relations & Defamation, etc.
Speech Title: Takeover Bids, Free Rider's Problem & Theory of Corporation
Abstract: In this paper I re‐examine Grossman & Hart's (1980a) earlier work on corporate takeovers and address three main shortcomings of their theory. First, their theory implies that in the ‘Nash equilibrium’ either all shareholders will decide to tender their shares or all will refuse the raider's tender offer. Hence, they look only at the pure strategy equilibria. Second, there does not exist any free‐rider problem in the extreme cases of pure strategy equilbria because everyone sells his or her share and the raider does not have to deal with any minority shareholder in the equilibrium. On the other hand, if the raid fails and no one sells, then there is no question of dilution either. I show some mixed‐strategy equilibria using assumptions of Grossman and Hart. Third, Grossman and Hart claim that their theory rules out the possibilities of takeovers by the inefficient raider in which the shareholders who tender their shares are worse off than they would have been otherwise with the incumbent management. It appears from the model that their argument is based on rather arbitrary assumptions.